Overview of tense uses



A summary of tense uses is presented below.


  present past future
present   (with a time expression) (with a time expression)
present perfect     with a time expression
past perfect      
simple future (Future I)      
future perfect (Future II)     with a time expression




Certain tenses, besides their main function i.e. the expression of temporal aspects, have additional functions.


  supposition request/demand intention / promise universal facts
simple future (Future I) reference to the present      
future perfect (Future II) reference to the past