Overview of tense uses

CA58

 

A summary of tense uses is presented below.

 

  present past future
 
present   (with a time expression) (with a time expression)
 
Präteritum      
 
present perfect     with a time expression
 
past perfect      
 
simple future (Future I)      
 
future perfect (Future II)     with a time expression

 


 

 

Certain tenses, besides their main function i.e. the expression of temporal aspects, have additional functions.

 

  supposition request/demand intention / promise universal facts
   
present        
   
simple future (Future I) reference to the present      
   
future perfect (Future II) reference to the past