Verb categories

CA98

 

Verbs are divided in various categories, according to their ability to form the predicate of a sentence.

 

verb categories formation of the predicate
     
full verbs can form, in their finite form, the sentence predicate on their own on their own
     
auxiliary verbs form the complex tenses and the passive voice forms of full verbs by combining their finite forms with a non-finite form of the respective full verb (infinitive, past participle). + infinitive / past participle (Partizip II)
     
modal verbs form the predicate with the infinitive of a full verb, thus changing the full verb's content + infinitive
     
copular (linking) verbs form the predicate of a sentence together with a predicative expression, which is, in principle, a noun in the nominative case or a non- inflected adjective. + noun / adjective
     
empty (light) verbs form the predicate with a phrase that contains a noun. This phrase is usually an accusative object or a prepositional object. + noun