Special features (plural formation)

DA9

 

There are three noun categories that form the plural in two different ways.

 

Category 1 : Both types of plural of the nouns belonging to the first category have the same meaning.

 

Examples plural 1 plural 2
das Ding die Dinge die Dinger
der Kerl die Kerle die Kerls
das Mädel die Mädel die Mädels
der Junge die Jungen die Jungs
der Mund die Münder die Münde
der Stau die Staus die Staue

 

 

 

Category 2 : The second category consists of nouns that have the same gender in the singular number but different meaning, depending on the type of plural they form.

 

Examples
nouns with the same gender
  plural 1 meaning A plural 2 meaning B
die Bank die Banken bank die Bänke bench
die Mutter die Mütter mother die Muttern nut
das Wort die Worte spoken word die Wörter word
der Strauß die Sträuße a bunch (of flowers) die Strauße ostrich

 

 

Category 3 : The third category includes nouns that form two types of plural but also have a different gender and a different meaning in the singular number.

 

Examples
nouns with different gender
gender 1 plural 1 meaning A gender 2 plural 2 meaning B
die Leiter die Leitern ladder der Leiter die Leiter manager
das Tor die Tore gate der Tor die Toren fool
die Steuer die Steuern tax das Steuer die Steuer steering wheel
der Gehalt die Gehalte content das Gehalt die Gehälter salary