Finite/non-finite verb forms

CA123

 

Finite verb forms cover all five grammatical categories i.e. person, number, voice, mood and tense. They are conjugated.

 

Example of a finite verb form grammatical categories
spielst
2. person person
singular number
active voice
indicative mood
present tense

 


 

 

Non-finite verb forms do not express person, number and mood. These verb forms are not conjugated.

 

Example of a non-finite verb form grammatical categories
spielen
--- person
--- number
active voice
--- mood
present tense

 

 

In the German language, there are three types of non-finite verb forms:

 

  Examples
the infinitive spielen
the present participle (Partizip I) spielend
the past participle (Partizip II) gespielt