Degrees of comparison according to their use

EA17

 

As mentioned, the comparative is formed with the positive form of the adjective and the comparative suffix –er, while the superlative is formed with the positive form of the adjective and the superlative suffix –st. As a result, the following forms emerge:

 

 
positive 
comparative
superlative

formation of the degrees of comparison

schnell
schneller
schnellst
nett
netter
nettest
jung
jünger
jüngst

 

 

The use of the degrees of comparison depends on their function.

 

 
positive
comparative
superlative
as an attribute
der schnelle Sportler der schnellere Sportler der schnellste Sportler
       
as a predicative expression
der Sportler ist schnell der Sportler ist schneller der Sportler ist am schnellsten
       
as an adverbial
der Sportler läuft schnell der Sportler läuft schneller der Sportler läuft am schnellsten

 

When an adjective functions as an attribute, the degrees of comparison are inflected and in the superlative form they are accompanied by the definite article. When the adjective functions as a predicative expression or an adverbial, the form am ... -sten is used in the superlative.