The three verb moods



The German language has three verb moods, the indicative, the Konjunktiv (I and II) and the imperative.


The speaker can give a certain meaning to his/her statement through the choice of mood. In general, the three moods have the following functions:


mood function
indicative real
Konjunktiv I indirect speech
Konjunktiv II unreal
imperative request/command



In the following examples, one can realise how the verb mood can differentiate the meaning of a statement/utterance.


mood Examples
indicative Er kam sofort zurück.
Konjunktiv I Er behauptet, er sei sofort zurückgekommen.
Konjunktiv II Wenn er doch sofort zurückgekommen wäre!
imperative Komm sofort zurück!