Position

KA35

 

 

1.
The preposition precedes the word it accompanies

 

Most prepositions stand before the word they are connected with.

 

Examples
im Garten
an der Haltestelle
unter dem Bett
auf dem Campingplatz
beim Frisör

 


 

 

2.
The preposition precedes or follows the word it accompanies

 

Some prepositions can either precede or follow the word they accompany. However, this is only possible when that word is a noun. When accompanying a pronoun, the preposition either only precedes or only follows. As far as adverbs are concerned, the preposition can either precede or follow only with adverbs entlang and gegenüber. None of the prepositions of this group is used with adjectives.

 

 
 
prepositions
 
 
entgegen
entlang
gegenüber
gemäß
nach
wegen
word that accompanies the preposition
noun
precedes/ follows
precedes/ follows
precedes/ follows
precedes/ follows
precedes/ follows
precedes/ follows
pronoun
only follows
only follows
only follows
only follows
only follows
only follows
adverb
 
only follows
only precedes
 
 
 
adjective
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

A few examples :

 

Examples
gegenüber der Kirche / der Kirche gegenüber
nach meiner Meinung / meiner Meinung nach
gemäß Artikel 1 / seinem Wunsch gemäß

 


 

 

3.
The preposition follows the word it accompanies

 

Prepositions zufolge, zuliebe and halber follow the word they accompany.

 

Examples
einem Gerücht zufolge
der Wahrheit zuliebe
der Ordnung halber

 


 

 

4.
The preposition stands on both sides of the word it accompanies.

 

Prepositions um...willen and von...an (von...ab/aus/auf) stand on both sides of the word they accompany, when this word is a noun. Otherwise, um...willen is only used with pronouns and von...an (von...ab/aus/auf) usually only with adjectives.

 

Examples
um seiner selbst willen
vom ersten Tag an
von heute an