Special features

EA10

 

Some adjectives follow different rules in their declension.

 

 

Invariable Adjectives are adjectives that their form remains unchanged.

 

  Examples
certain colors
sie hat ein lila Kleid gekauft
Sand im Getriebe der orange-schwarzen Koalition

 

  Examples
adjectives that derive from geographical names and end in -er
die Berliner Mauer
die Frankfurter Würste

 

Or a series of adjectives like "klasse, lauter, prima, premium, online, offline, super, topless, topsecret, trendy, tricky, uni, unplugged".


EA10A

 

Adjectives ending in –el


Adjectives in this group lose the unstressed e of the final syllable, when the adjective functions as an attribute to a noun.

 

  Examples
dunkel
dunkler Raum
flexibel
flexible Altersgrenze
irreparabel
irreparable Defekte


EA10B

 

Adjectives ending in –er

 

If the adjective stem ends in diphtong + er, the unstressed e of the final syllable is omitted, when the adjective functions as an attribute to a noun. This is also the case for foreign adjectives ending in an unstressed –er.

 

  Examples
teuer
teure Kleider
makaber
ein makabrer Witz

 

 

All other German adjectives that end in an unstressed -er or -en, retain the e of the stem.

 

  Examples
sicher
eine sichere Methode
eben
ein ebenes Gelände


EA10C

 

Adjectives ending in an unstressed –e

 

Some adjectives ending in an unstressed –e can be used without the –e.

 

  Examples
blöd - blöde Paul ist blöd / blöde
nah - nahe das Haus ist nah / nahe
mild - milde das Wetter ist mild / milde

 

 

The –e of the ending is omitted when the adjective is inflected, following the rules of inflection of all adjectives that end in an unstressed –e.

 

  Examples
blöd - blöde ein blöder Mensch
müde ein müder Schüler


EA10D

 

The adjective hoch

 

When the adjective hoch is inflected, it loses the final stem consonant i.e. the c is omitted.

 

  Examples
hoch ein hohes Gebäude