Article

G10

 

Articles always precede a noun. We distinguish between the definite article der, die, das, the indefinite article ein, eine, ein and the zero article when the noun is not preceded by an article.

 

Examples  
Das Brot ist nicht mehr frisch. definite article
Ich möchte ein Eis essen. indefinite article
Ich brauche Eier für den Kuchen. zero article

 

 

Some pronouns, like, for example, the possessive pronouns, can be used as articles and precede a noun.

 

 

Examples  
Dieses Auto ist meins.

used as a pronoun

Dieses Auto ist mein Auto.

used as an article

 

 

Articles are inflected. They agree in gender, number and case with the noun they accompany.

Examples  
Er hat den Schülern alles erklärt.

gender: masculine

 

number: plural

 

case: dative

 

 

As far as the use of articles is concerned, as a general rule, the definite article accompanies a noun that is, as indicated by the context, known and the indefinite article accompanies a noun that is, as indicated by the context, unknown. The zero article is used in various and diverse ways.