Nouns are inflected according to gender (masculine, feminine, neuter),


gender masculine der Vater
feminine die Mutter
neuter das Kind



number (singular, plural)


number singular Frau
plural Frauen



and case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative).


case nominative Haus
genitive Hauses
dative Haus
accusative Haus



In the German language there are two declension categories, the first and the second declension.

The first declension consists of nouns of all three genders, while the second declension includes only nouns of masculine gender.


Nominalized adjectives and participles belong to a special declension category.

Main names, like geographical names, which are used with or without an article, form another special category of noun declension.