Form of subordinate clauses

 

Subordinate clauses are always dependent on other clauses. According to their form, they may or may not be introduced by a conjunction. In addition, subordinate clauses may contain a finite or a non-finite (like an infinitive or a participle) verb form.

 

subordinate clause
with a conjunction
 
without a conjunction
finite verb form
non-finite verb form
finite verb form
non-finite verb form

 

 

  Examples  
Ich gehe heute nicht zur Arbeit, weil ich Fieber habe. with a conjunction and a finite verb form
Ich spare Geld, um ein neues Auto zu kaufen. with a conjunction and an non-finite verb form
Es ist besser, du fährst mit dem Bus zu mir. without a conjunction and a finite verb form
Ich habe vor, in Deutschland zu studieren. without a conjunction and a non-finite verb form (infinitive)
In Berlin angekommen, fuhren sie zum Hotel. without a conjunction and a non-finite verb form (participle)