Indirect speech

 

When converting the direct into indirect speech, attention has to be paid in the tenses. As in the indicative, also in the Konjunktiv I, there are certain tense forms that express the present, past and future.

 

indicative
 
time
 
Konjunktiv I
 
Konjunktiv II
       
 
   
present tense
 
present
 
present
 
Präteritum (A)
würden + present infinitive (B)
 
     
 
   
Präteritum
present perfect
past perfect
 
past
 
present perfect
 
past perfect (C)
 
     
 
   
simple future (Future I)
 
future
 
simple future (Future I)
 
würden + present infinitive (B)
future perfect (Future II)
future perfect (Future II)
würden + perfect infinitive (D)

 

 

Rules:

 

1. The present tense of the Konjunktiv I is used to express the present. When the Konjunktiv I present is identical to the present indicative form, the Konjunktiv II is used i.e. its Präteritum (A) form or würden + present infinitive (B). *

 

2. The present perfect tense of the Konjunktiv I is used to express the past. When the Konjunktiv I present perfect is identical to the present perfect indicative form, then the past perfect form of the Konjunktiv II (C) is used

 

3. In the Konjunktiv I, as in the indicative, there are two forms that express the future, the simple future (Future I) and the future perfect (Future II). When the simple future/future perfect forms of the Konjunktiv I are identical to the simple future/future perfect forms of the indicative, the Konjunktiv II forms are used i.e. würden + present infinitive (B) or würden + perfect infinitive (D).

 

* When using the Konjunktiv II Präteritum form, the same restrictions that have been presented in the rules of the Konjunktiv II apply.