Personal/impersonal

 

The impersonal es is the subject of impersonal verbs. They are usually verbs that refer to weather conditions and changes that take place during the day or from season to season.

 

Examples
blitzen, dämmern, gewittern, donnern, hageln, nieseln, schneien, föhnen, dunkeln, herbsteln, weihnachten, reifen, tagen, wetterleuchten

 

Furthermore, there are impersonal verbs that do not fall into any semantic category.

Examples
geben, handeln, hapern, kriseln, mangeln, menscheln