Irregular verbs

 

Verbs that their stem differentiates at least between the Präteritum and the present form are called irregular. Many irregular verbs change their verb stem also in the past participle (Partizip II).

 

Examples
komm
-en
kam ge-komm-en
ruf
-en
rief ge-ruf-en
geh
-en
ging ge-gang-en
trink
-en
trank ge-trunk-en
       
verb stem
ending
1st. / 3rd. person Präteritum past participle (Partizip II)

 

 

 

A group of irregular verbs also change the vowel of their verb stem in the second and third person singular present.

 

Examples
fahr
-en
fährst fährt
lauf
-en
läufst läuft
geb
-en
gibst gibt
seh
-en
siehst sieht
       
verb stem
ending
2nd person present 3rd person present