e-deletion

 

The "e" of the ending is deleted when the verb stem ends in 

 

-er
-el

 

 


This occurs in the following cases:

 

  present indicative  present Konjunktiv present infinitive present participle(Partizip I)
verb forms 1. person plural 2. person singular formation of the present infinitive formation of the present participle (Partizip I)
3. person plural 1. person plural
polite form 2. person plural
  3. person lural
  polite form

 


 

 

In addition, it is possible that the "e" of the stem is deleted, if the verb stem ends in

 

-el

 

However, this is not obligatory.

 

 

The e-deletion in the stem occurs in the following cases:

 

  present indicative present Konjunktiv imperative
verb forms 1. person singular 1. person singular 2. person singular
3. person singular

 


 

 

Examples on both phenomena:

 

Example feiern
present indicative
  present Konjunktiv  

present infinitive

  present participle (Partizip I)
person stem ending stem ending
ich
feier
e
feier
e feiern feiernd
du
feier
st
feier
st
er / sie / es
feier
t
feier
e
wir
feier
n
feier
n
ihr
feier
t
feier
t
sie
feier
n
feier
n
Sie
feier
n
feier
n

 

 

Example lächeln
present indicative
  present Konjunktiv  

present infinitive

  present participle (Partizip I)   2nd person singular imperative
person stem ending stem ending
ich
lächl
e
lächl
e lächeln lächelnd lächle
du
lächel
st
lächel
st
er / sie / es
lächel
t
lächl
e
wir
lächel
n
lächel
n
ihr
lächel
t
lächel
t
sie
lächel
n
lächel
n
Sie
lächel
n
lächel
n