Verb categories

Verb categories

 

Because of their ability to form the predicate, verbs are divided in various categories : full, auxiliary, modal, copular (linking) and empty verbs

 

  Examples formation of the predicate
full verbs Petra arbeitet bei der Post. form the predicate alone
auxiliary verbs Wir haben eine leckere Pizza gegessen. form the predicate together with an infinitive or the past participle (Partizip II)
modal verbs Ich muss meine Hausaufgaben machen. form the predicate together with an infinitive
copular (linking) verbs* Seine Töchter sind sehr nett. form the predicate together with an adjective or a noun
empty verbs* Triffst du endlich eine Entscheidung? form the predicate together with a noun

 

* The copular (lnking) verbs and empty verbs form the predicate only with nouns and adjectives, not with infinitive verb forms.