Reference to the future


The present tense is used to describe an event that has not yet begun. In this case, it should be accompanied by a temporal adverbial that will clearly indicate that it refers to a future event.


Ich fahre nächtes Jahr nach Italien.
Peter kehrt morgen zurück.
In fünf Minuten ruft er dich an.


The present tense with a reference to the future can be used interchangeably with the simple future (Future I) without any semantic difference. Compared to the simple future, the present tense expresses a higher level of certainty regarding the realization of the future event.